Colon

Introduction

A number of colon diseases are rectified with the help of colon surgery in Dubai. Colon, which is referred to as the large intestine, is the lower part of your digestive tract. There are various clinics and medical facilities in the city, where you can find an excellent team of medical experts who can guide you about the surgical procedure.

You can find the best gastroenterologist team to perform colonoscopy Dubai and evaluating the inside of the colon using a colonoscope.

Associated diseases with their causes and symptoms

Some of the common diseases that require colon surgery include:

Crohn’s Disease / Ulcerative Colitis

Crohn’s Disease/ Ulcerative Colitis’ affects the G.I. tract, generally in the lower part of the small intestine and colon. Labelled as chronic inflammatory bowel diseases.

Causes:

  •    The exact cause of getting Crohn’s disease is still unknown. However, your diet and stress can actually aggravate the symptoms but not cause the disease.
  •   The immune system malfunction is one of the possible causes of UC.
  •    Hereditary causes.

Symptoms:

  •  Diarrhea with blood or pus in stools
  •   Abdominal pains
  •   Rectal pain and bleeding
  •   Inability to discharge even if urgent
  •   Fever

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

In this condition the intestines do not function normally and cause a change in bowel movements, bloating and cramping in the abdomen, etc. Often confused with UC, but IBS is quite different.

Causes:

There is no precise cause of IBS. However, many appealing factors include:

  •    Muscle contractions in the intestine: when the contractions in the lining of your digestive tract through which the food moves become stronger and long lasting causing gas, bloating and diarrhea.
  •    Nervous system: abnormalities in nerves (poor coordination between the brain and the intestines (of your digestive system can lead to discomfort in your bowel system.
  •    Severe infection: severe diarrhea can lead to IBS.

Symptoms:

  •    Sudden weight loss
  •    Diarrhea at night
  •    Rectal bleeding
  •    Anemia
  •    Nausea or vomiting
  •    Difficulty in swallowing
  •    Persistent abdominal pain
  • May be constipation in some .

Colon Cancer

Cancer can be formed in the mucosa lining of the colon and often lead to many bowel symptoms. adenomatous polyps or the small, noncancerous clumps of cells cause colon cancer in most cases. And therefore the gastroenterologists recommend regular screening tests and eliminate the polyps before they turn into colon cancer.

Contact Dr. Girish Juneja One of the best gastroentero surgeon  to carry out colon cancer surgery in Dubai.

Causes of colon cancer

The exact cause of colon cancer is not known. However, the doctors conclude that genetic factors are a typical cause of this cancer

In the case when a cell’s DNA is damaged, the healthy cells become cancerous. They continue to divide unnecessarily and form a tumor.

As the tumor keeps on growing, it invades and destroys the nearby tissues. Therefore it should be removed immediately by a surgery.

Symptoms

  •    Changes in bowel habits leading to diarrhea or constipation
  •    Rectal bleeding
  •    Abdominal discomfort like gastric or pain
  •    Weakness and fatigue, along with sudden weight loss

Treatment of colon diseases

Whenever some colon disease is diagnosed, your doctor  tries to treat it with dietary and lifestyle changes. He might also prescribe some medications along with them for healing it quickly and efficiently. If the problem still persists, then he might ask you to undergo surgery. Surgery is often recommended in case of polyps or cancer detection

Different types of surgeries and their recovery period:

Traditional ‘open’ colon surgery: It requires a single long abdominal incision so that the doctors can perform the surgery. This surgery is quite painful and takes a period of 6 weeks to recover completely.

Laparoscopic colon surgery: This is a minimally invasive surgery, which usually is preferred by many who are asked to undergo surgery. This is because this type of surgery is less painful when compared to open surgery. It requires small cuts   through which the surgical instruments and a laparoscope is introduced in your abdomen and the surgery is performed. It takes just a few days of hospital stay after which you can return to normal activities.

Lab tests required

Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy: your doctor  usually performs these two procedures if you suffer from some colon disease-related symptoms. Normally called scopes, these instruments are thin and long tubes with a tiny camera, and are inserted inside your abdomen through the anus. These help your doctor to thoroughly look inside your large intestine. Where colonoscopy checks your entire colon and rectum, sigmoidoscopy is used to inspect the rectum as well as the lower colon only.

Colonoscopy is often recommended to screen for cancers and also to look and destroy the polyps.